Country dating nz

During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life.The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions.Following Cook, New Zealand was visited by numerous European and North American whaling, sealing and trading ships.

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) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island (or Te Ika-a-Māui), and the South Island (or Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands.

The New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised, and names and alternative names were formalised in 2013.

This set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, and South Island or Te Waipounamu.

Over the centuries that followed, these settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori.

The population was divided into iwi (tribes) and hapū (subtribes) who would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other.

Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, who is currently Jacinda Ardern.

Queen Elizabeth II is the country's head of state and is represented by a governor-general, currently Dame Patsy Reddy.

New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Pacific Islands Forum, and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.

Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui (the fish of Māui) for the North Island and Te Waipounamu (the waters of greenstone) or Te Waka o Aoraki (the canoe of Aoraki) for the South Island.

In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a Dominion.

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